Royal jelly is a special nutritional liquid produced by honey bees that helps in the growth of its Queen Honey bee larvae. Worker honey bees work hard to produce this liquid in large amounts and then deposit it into the growing queen bee larvae’s cell. There is a high demand for royal jelly in public due to its high nutritive value. It mostly contains vitamin B complex‚ vitamin C‚ proteins‚ 17 vital amino acids and simple carbohydrates.
Since this liquid cannot be produced synthetically in lab, it is harvested by apiaries around the world through natural processes. The process of harvesting royal bee jelly simply requires a garden area with a number of bee shelters. Harvesting this substance is not very complicated. One can use the following process to harvest royal jelly.
- The first thing you need is a bee family without a queen. The honey bee family is kept in artificially crafted honey combs made with detachable frames.
- These bees are provided with pieces of wood with special cells.
- In these cells a day old honey bee larvae is introduced. This step is the most critical one. The honey bees cannot live without a queen. If they do not have one‚ they would try to raise one and thus produce royal jelly in this special wooden cell.
- After about two or two and half days you can take away the added wooden cells and scrape away the royal jelly with a spoon.
- At the end of it put new cells with larvae in the bee hives and bees would fill these cells as usual.
- After taking away the royal jelly remember to keep it in a in a well refrigerated and dark room.
Under natural conditions some of the larvae would have become queen bees. However, the beekeeper has to manipulate their growth and number to produce royal jelly in large quantities. Normally honey bee colonies have fifty queen bees. Worker bees are very dedicated in the service of queen bee. Thus, when they see that there are no queen bees in the hive they try to raise one and in the process they produce royal jelly. It is important to let there be some queen bees in the hive at some point of time, else worker bees will stop producing the liquid.
Royal Jelly has to be stored in cool, dark place as light may spoil the taste and the nutritive value of this jelly. The storage is also an important part of harvesting.